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1. VOCABULARY



food containers 01.png


a cup of
tea
two grams of
cheese
a jar of
jam
a loaf of (barra)
bread
a slice of
bread
a bag of
crisps
a piece of
cake
a carton of
milk
a box of
chocolates

(half) a bottle
(half) a can
(half) a carton

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sack (saco, zurrón)
keg (barril)
chop (chuleta, costilla)
fillet (filete, solomillo)

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food containers 07.jpg

food containers 08.jpg



Now you try:
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2. GRAMMAR



How much / How many ...?

· Uncountable nouns
· Countable plural nouns
e.g.
· sugar.
· biscuits. / · apples.
?
How much sugar do you have in the cupboard?
How many biscuits do you have in the cupboard?
How many apples do you have in the cupboard?


much / many

MUCH

MANY


+
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Many people live in houses in the UK.
"many" is sometimes used in the + sentences in formal English.
-
I don't have much sugar.
Paula doesn't have much money.
I don't have many biscuits.
There aren't many hotels in this room.
Commonly used in the - sentences.




Quantifiers:
A quantifier is a word or phrase which is used before a noun to indicate the amount or quantity.


Short answers to questions / or when we don't give the noun:
Sentences:


+ +
A lot.
A lot of ... /

Lots of ... (colloquial)
There is a lot of sugar in the kitchen.
There are a lot of biscuits in the kitchen.
Are there a lot of shops in your village?

There is lots of sugar in the kitchen. (colloquial)
There are lots of biscuits in the kitchen. (colloquial)
· for big quantities.
+
Quite a lot.
Quite a lot of ...
There is quite a lot of sugar in the kitchen.
There are quite a lot of biscuits in the kitchen.

-
Not much. (uncountable)/
Not many. (countable)
Not much ... / Not many ...
There isn't much sugar in the kitchen.
There aren't many biscuits in the kitchen.
· in negative sentences and questions.
· many is also sometimes used in + sentences
in formal English (e.g. Many people live in houses
in the UK), but much.
-- (0)
None.
not any ...
There isn't any sugar in the kitchen.
There aren't any biscuits in the kitchen.
I don't have my camera, so I can't take any photographs.
· There isn't any salt NOT There's none salt (you can't use non with a noun).

In + sentences native speakers normally use a lot of for big quantities. It is also possible to use a lot of in negatives and questions, although it is more common to use much / many.



MUCH and MANY
  • Choose the correct answer to fill in the gaps in each sentence.





Otra forma de clasificar los quantifiers:
QUANTIFIERS

with countable nouns


with uncountable nouns


with countable and uncountable nouns

many (There aren't many hotels in this town.)
a few / few / very few
a number (of)
several
a large number of
a great number of
a majority of

much (Paula doesn't have much money.)
a little / little / very little
a bit (of)
a great deal of
a large amount of
a large quantity of

all
enough
more / most
less / least
no / none
not any
some (We met some interesting people at the party.)
any (I don't have my camera, so I can't take any photographs.)
a lot of (Are there a lot of empty shops in your village?)
lots of
plenty of



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3. PRONUNCIATION


/ʃ/
- sh and -tion are always pronounced /ʃ/, e.g. shop, station.
- c before iou and ia is usually /ʃ/, e.g. delicious, special.

/s/
- c before e and i is pronounced /s/, e.g. city, centre (c before other vowels is usually /k/, e.g. call, computer, cut).
- s at the beginning of a word is always /s/, but the only two exceptions are sure [ʃʊə] and sugar [ʃʊgə] .
- s in the middle of a word or at the end is sometimes /s/ and sometimes /z/.


/ʃ/


/ʃ/ vs. /s/


/s/ vs. /z/






4. SPEAKING


teaspoon (cucharilla)
teaspoon.jpg
spoon (cuchara)
spoon.jpg
spoonful (cucharada como medida), e.g. a spoonful of sugar
spoonful of sugar.jpg
.a level spoonful (cucharada como medida a ras)

tablespoonful (cucharada de alimento)
tablespoonful.jpg
a level tablespoonful (cucharada con alimento a ras)




Cutlery
cutlery.jpg



FIZZY DRINKS
(soda, Am. Engl.)
fizzy drinks or sodas.jpg

fizzy-drink.jpg


sparkling water
(agua con gas)
sparkling water.jpg

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sparkling wine
(vino espumoso)
sparkling wine.jpgSparkling_Wine.jpg
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6. SONG


Sugar Sugar (by The Archies, in 1969).



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