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1. READING & LISTENING:


Chelsea top 10 goals


Kitty Spencer / Eliza Spencer / Amelia Spencer:
Kitty Spencer.jpg Eliza--Spencer.gif amelia-spencer.jpg

The story the book tells is a true story which was in the news.

Vocabulary:
twins = either of two persons or animals conceived at the same time (mellizo en Spanish).
twins = identical twin (gemelo in Spanish).
country house = a large house in the country, especially a mansion belonging to a wealthy family.
stanav = short word for satellite navigation, also known as GPS, used in cars.


From Althorp to Stamford Bridge (stadium):
from Althorp to Stamford Bridge stadium.JPG

Stamford Bridge (stadium):
stamford-bridge_stadium.jpg




From Althorp to Stamford Bridge (village):
from Althorp to Stamford Bridge.JPG


Stamford Bridge (village):
stamford-bridge-houses.JPG stamford-bridge-bridge.jpg



2. GRAMMAR


The past simple is used for completed actions in the past, both distant and recent.
The form of regular past simple verb is very easy.
· There isn't a third person change. All verbs end in -ed.

Present Simple
Past Simple
I want
I wanted
You want
You wanted
He wants
He wanted
She wants
She wanted
It wants
It wanted
We want
We wanted
You want
You wanted
They want
They wanted


I don't want
I didn't want
You don't want
You didn't want
He doesn't want
He didn't want
She doesn't want
She didn't want
It doesn't want
It didn't want
We don't want
We didn't want
You don't want
You didn't want
They don't want
They didn't want


Do I want ...?
Did I want ...?
Do you want ...?
Did you want ...?
Does he want ...?
Did he want ...?
Does she want ...?
Did she want ...?
Does it want ...?
Did it want ...?
Do we want ...?
Did we want ...?
Do you want ...?
Did you want ...?
Do they want ...?
Did they want ...?


Yes, I do.
Yes, I did.
Yes, you do.
Yes, you did.
Yes, he does.
Yes, he did.
Yes, she does.
Yes, she did.
Yes, it does.
Yes, it did.
Yes, we do.
Yes, we did.
Yes, you do.
Yes, you did.
Yes, they do.
Yes, they did.


No, I don't
No, I didn't.
No, you don`t.
No, you didn't.
No, he doesn't.
No, he didn't.
No, she doesn't.
No, she didn't.
No, it doesn't.
No, it didn't.
No, we don't.
No, we didn't.
No, you don't.
No, you didn't.
No, they don't.
No, they didn't.


PAST SIMPLE GRAMMAR FOR REGULAR VERBS:




Do the quiz:





3. PRONUNCIATION


-ed endings:

1. voiced ending (all the rest
not included in 2. or 3.) + -ed = /d/

2. unvoiced ending (/k/, /p/, /f/,
/s/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/) + -ed = /t/

3. /d/ or /t/ ending + -ed /ɪd/










(/b/) - grab
grabed

/k/ - book
/k/ - ask
/k/ - bake
booked
asked
baked

/d/ - need
/d/ - attend
/d/ - decide
needed
attended
decided

(/g/) - hug
huged

/p/ - drop
/p/ - stop
/p/ - hope
/p/ - escape
dropped
stopped
hoped
escaped

/t/ - want
/t/ - arrest
/t/ - chat
/t/ - hate
wanted
arrested
chatted
hated

(/l/) - travel
(/l/) - call
travelled
called

/f/ - laugh
laughed




(/n/) - learn
(/n/) - listen
learned
listened

/s/ - pass
/s/ - relax /rɪˈlæks/
/s/ - miss
passed
relaxed
missed




(/r/) - honor
honored

/ʃ/ - wash
washed




(/v/) - arrive
(/v/) - live
arrived
lived

// - watch
watched




(/ð/) - breathe
breathed







(/ʒ/) - change
changed







(/z/) - please
pleased
















(/i/) - play
played







(/ʊ/) - show
showed










The difference between 1. and 2. is very small and can only be appreciated when a verb is said in isolation or is followed by a word beginning with a vowel, e.g. I liked it.


Haz click aquí y escucharás ejemplos de verbos en pasado simple: PAST SIMPLE REGULAR VERBS - http://www.iavante.es


PAST SIMPLE REGULAR VERBS




Voiced and unvoiced consonants:
Voiced consonants sounds are made in the throat by vibrating the vocal chords, e.g. /b/, /l/, /m/, /v/, etc.
Unvoiced consonant sounds are made in the mouth without vibration in the mouth, e.g. /p/, /k/, /t/, /s/, etc.

Hold one of your hands against your throat. You should feel a vibration in your throat when you pronounce the voiced sounds, but not for unvoiced sounds.










4. VOCABULARY


Use the past simple with past time expresions:
· five minutes ago, two hours ago, seven hours ago, ...
· this morning, this afternoon, this evening.
· yesterday, yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening, last night.
· two days ago, three days ago, eight days ago, ten days ago, seventeen days ago, ...
· last week (NOT the last week), last weekend (NOT the last weekend), ...
· last month, last October, last April, last January, ... (NOT the last month, the last October, the last April, the last January, ...)
· last summer, last winter, ... (NOT the last summer, the last winter)
· last year (NOT the last year)
· a year ago, two years ago, five years ago, ..., a long time ago.

You may use today with the past simple but if the action happened before than the moment of speaking and was finished in the past, e.g. I arrived late for class today.




TRAVEL - VOCABULARY:
· A jouney is when you travel from one place to another by car, train, plane, etc. , e.g. We had a long journey. (= viaje de ida, trayecto)
· Travel is normally used as a verb, e.g. I travel a lot. (= viajar)
· A trip is when you go somewhere, either for a holiday or on business, stay there, and come back again, e. g. We want to plan the trip to have everything under control. (= viaje, excursión, recorrido).

· A flight is when you go somewhere by plane, e.g. I can't miss my flight. (= vuelo)
· a plane / an aeroplain is a heavier-than-air powered flying vehicle with fixed wings.

· to book is to reserve (a place, passage, ticket, etc) or engage the services of (a performer, driver, etc) in advance.










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