can be used with food (have an apple, have a sandwich) and drinks (have a coke, have a coffe) and is more common when we talk about specific meals (have breakfast /have lunch / have dinner).
can only be used for food and expresses the general action (fast food, Chinese food).

= take from a place to another
John always carries a suitcase to school.
Jane is carrying an umbrella.
= the act of taking
It's raining. Jane take an umbrella!
= to carry or have on one's person as clothing or ornament
John wears glasses.
Jane is wearing a beautiful dress and long earrings.


Verbs name an action or describe a state of being. Every sentence must have a verb. There are three basic types of verbs:
Action verbs:
tell what the subject does. The action can be visible (jump, walk, laugh) or mental (think, learn, study).
They can be transitive (need a direct object, I buy books) or intransitive (they don't need a direct object, Who called?).
I walk everyday.
Linking verbs:
join the subject and the predicate. They don't show action. They help the words at the end of the sentence name or describe the subject.
(be, feel, grow, seem, smell, remain, appear, sound, stay, look, taste, turn, become)
He is a tall boy.
Helping verbs:
are added to another verb to make the meaning clearer. Verb phrases are made up of one main verb and one or more helping verbs.
(to be, do, have, shall, should, will, would, can, could, may, might, must)
They haven't arrived home.
They will travel to Paris soon.


TO LIVE - present simple - wiki.JPG

I am
I'm not
Am I...?
You are
You aren't
Are you...?
He is
He isn't
Is he...?
She is
She isn't
Is she...?
It is
It isn't
Is it...?
We are
We aren't
Are we...?
You are
You aren't
Are you...?
They are
They aren't
Are they...?

I have got
I haven't got
Have I got...?
You have got
You haven't got
Have you got ...?
He has got
He hasn't got
Has he got ...?
She has got
She hasn't got
Has she got ...?
It has got
It hasn't got
Has it got ...?
We have got
We haven't got
Have we got ...?
You have got
You haven't got
Have you got ...?
They have got
They haven't got
Have they got ...?

I work
I don't work
Do I work ...?
You work
You don't work
Do you work ...?
He works
He doesn't work
Does he work ...?
She works
She doesn't work
Does she work ...?
It works
It doesn't work
Does it work ...?
We work
We don't work
Do we work ...?
You work
You don't work
Do you work ...?
They work
They don't work
Do they work ...?

Third person singular (remember that these rules are the same for nouns, you learnt it in Básico 1 - Unit 1D):

3rd person singular:

normal rule
play - plays
live - lives
walk - walks

key - keys
car - cars
book - books
vowel, ch, sh, x, s
go - goes
teach - teaches
wash - washes
fix - fixes
pass - passes

potato - potatoes
watch - watches
dish - dishes
box - boxes
kiss - kisses
consonant -y
study - studies

country - countries

Personal Pronouns and Present Simple:

Do the quiz:

Activities for PRESENT SIMPLE + (.pdf):
· Present Simple + 1 and 2
· Present Simple + 3
· Present Simple + 4
· Present Simple + 5
· Present Simple + 6 and 7
· Present Simple + 8
· Present Simple + 9
· Present Simple + 10
· Present Simple + 11
· Present Simple + 12
· Present Simple + 13
· Review - Present Simple +
· Present Simple + ANSWER KEY (Use only the answers for the first 13 activities and the Review.)

Oxford University Press Grammar: Present simple + - 1; Present simple + - 2


The pronunciation rules for 3rd person singular (-s and -es endings) are exactly the same as those for plural nouns. See Unit 2A - plural nouns


/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /θ/
(unvoiced consonants)

stops /ps/
eats /ts/
cooks /ks/ - speaks /ks/ - drinks /ks/ - likes /ks/
laughs /fs/

vowels, /b/, /d/, /g/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/, /r/, /v/
(voiced consonants)

does /ʌz/- studies /iz/ - plays /iz/ - goes /uz/

grabs /bz/
lids /dz/
digs /gz/
fails /lz/
comes /mz/
earns /nz/ - rains /nz/
wears /rz/
loves /vz/ - lives /vz/

/s/, /z/, /ʒ/, //, /ʃ/, /x/, //

places /siz/
chooses /ziz/
judges /iz/ - changes /iz/
washes /ʃiz/ - finishes /ʃiz/
fixes /xiz/
watches /iz/

Voiced consonant sounds: are made in the throat by vibrating the vocal chords, e.g. /b/, /l/, /m/, /v/, etc.
Unvoiced consonant sounds: are made in the mouth without vibrarion in the mouth, e.g. /p/, /k/, /t/, /s/, etc.


If you want to know something more about Starbucks click here: http://www.starbucks.com/

mocha /ˈmɒkə/ = café con chocolate
cappuchino /ˌkæpəˈtʃiːnəʊ/ = café con chocolate espumoso
macchiato /makˈkjato/ = espresso con un poco de leche
dolce /ˈdoltʃe/ = dulce
panna /ˈpanna/ = crema
hazelnut /'heizlnʌt/ = avenalla
Starbucks espresso beverages.JPG


Sizes at any coffee shop are usually small / regular / large, but Starbucks has its own sizes as you can see.


Why ...?
Why are you late?
Why do you like Starbucks?
Because ...
Because I woke up late.
Because they have the best coffee.